40 Musical Terms and Musical Instruments Names List
Musical instruments are the general name given to the instruments used to make music. In general, any object that makes a sound can be called an instrument. The deep history of instruments has existed since the beginning of human life. The first instruments were used during rituals in ancient times. For example, the following instruments are included in these rituals:
Over time, such instruments began to be used for entertainment purposes. Thus, we encounter many types of instruments today. The branch of science that examines the types, history, and construction of these musical instruments is called Organology. Instruments are not only related to their science but also other branches of science. These disciplines are:
- Acoustic Science
- History Of Art
As a result of archaeological research, musical instruments were used 5000 years ago. The foundations of instrument science were laid at the beginning of the 20th century.
Types of Instruments According to the Form of Sound
For many years, musical instruments have been divided into groups according to the way they sound. These groups are:
- Stringed Musical instruments: In stringed musical instruments, the strings vibrate and sounds of different intensities and heights emerge. The wires are thin and thick. Today, the preferred stringed instruments are Mandolin, violin, guitar, baglama, lute, zither, cello, and harp. There is also a string system inside the piano. With the mallets inside the piano, the strings are struck. Sounds emerge from these beats.
- Percussion Musical Instruments: The purpose of percussion musical instruments is to create vibration by striking stretched leathers or thin metal plates. This gives rise to sounds. The most preferred percussion musical instruments are drum, saz, snare drum, cymbal, triangle, tambourine, and darbuka.
- Woodwind Musical Instruments: Instruments whose sound is produced by the vibration of the air through the lips are called wind instruments. With the holes on these instruments, sounds with different qualities emerge. Examples of such instruments are kaval, zurna, flute, ney, saxophone, clarinet, bagpipe, oboe, and trumpet.
Here are 173 Musical Terms and Musical Instruments Names List
3. acoustic guitar
5. aeolian harp
9. alto saxophone
13. baby grand piano
22. baritone horn
24. bass clarinet
25. bass drum
26. bass guitar
29. bongo drum
32. brass instruments