Sentences Types, Kinds of Sentences and Examples in English
Making sentences is the main aid of communication. Sentences indicate previous events or situations, continuous events and situations, instantaneous events and situations, and future events and situations. Sentences that are part of daily life contain subject and predicate. In addition, sentence elements such as an adjective, indirect compliment, and adverb can also be included. Different from this situation, sentences are named in 4 different ways in English. The names of this distinction are made as to the declarative sentence (statement), interrogative sentence (question), imperative sentence (command), exclamative sentence (exclamation). In this article, we will examine these 4 types of sentences and give examples.
Declarative Sentence (Statement)
This type of sentence is used to describe an event or a situation. A declarative sentence is used for situations such as reporting a situation, giving information, or announcing an event. These sentences usually end with a dot, and the sentence structure generally has a subject and predicate but contains additional sentence elements. The Declarative sentence structure is divided into two as positive and negative. The most common sentences in daily life are these types of sentences.
- Melissa loves cake. (positive)
Melissa doesn’t like cake. (negative)
- I ate too much chocolate yesterday. (positive)
I didn’t eat too much chocolate yesterday. (negative)
Interrogative Sentence (Question)
These types of sentences are set up to get the answer to a curious situation. These sentences, also called question sentences, always end with a question mark (?). Wh-word question words such as “What”, “When” are can be used at the beginning of these sentences. Or it can be formed by bringing the auxiliary verb to the head. The general syntax of the sentence starts with the wh-word or with the auxiliary verb and continuous with subject and verb. These sentences can also be positive and negative.
- Why did you come to us last night? (positive)
Why didn’t you come to us last night? (negative)
- Do you like vegetables for dinner? (positive)
Don’t you like vegetables for dinner? (negative)
Imperative sentence (Command)
These sentences are used for situations that are required to be done compulsorily, that is, orders are given with these sentences. Sentences end with a dot or exclamation mark (!). Sometimes the sentence can only be formed as a verb, sometimes other sentence elements can be added. These can be also positive or negative.
- Come! (positive)
Don’t come! (negative)
- Give me that. (positive)
Don’t give me that. (negative)
Exclamative Sentence (Exclamation)
These sentences are used to emphasize the emotions that are intended to be expressed. Let’s look at examples for sentence structure.
- How wonderful!
- What a beautiful sight!
- What a liar man!